Central Luzon Contributes One-fifth to the Country’s Total Palay Production in the First Semester of 2018
In the first half of 2018, the total volume of production of palay in Central Luzon was estimated at 1.8 million metric tons (Figure 1). It contributed 20.8 percent or one-fifth to the total palay production in the country (Table 1). It slightly increased by 0.8 percent compared with the previous year’s level of 1,793,676 metric tons (Figure 2).
In January to June 2018, 99.7 percent of the total volume of production of palay in the region was produced in irrigated farms and 0.3 percent in rainfed farms. The volume of production of irrigated palay was posted at 1,802,278 metric tons, up by 0.9 percent compared with the production in the first half of 2017. Meanwhile, palay production in rainfed farms decreased by 11.0 percent compared with that in January to June 2017 (Figure 2).
Of the total volume of production of palay in Central Luzon during January to June 2018, 62.4 percent was harvested in the second quarter and 37.6 percent in the first quarter. This was due to most of the palay in Nueva Ecija that was harvested in the second quarter (Figure 3).
As Nueva Ecija is the top producer of palay in the region, it accounted for more than half or 52.2% of the region’s total volume of palay production in the first half of 2018. This was followed by Tarlac and Pampanga with 14.7 and 13.7 percent shares, respectively. Bulacan contributed 9.9 percent while the remaining 9.4 percent was contributed by Bataan, Aurora and Zambales (Figure 3).
Table 2 presents the volume of palay production in the region by province and period. Palay production in Aurora, Bataan and Bulacan during the first semester of 2018 decreased compared with that of the same period in 2017. Meanwhile, palay production in Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales increased compared with the production in the first half of 2017.
Estimates of volume of palay production are generated from the Quarterly Palay Production Survey (PPS) of which there are four survey rounds in a year, that is, January, April, July and October.
The objective of the survey is to generate estimates on palay production. The purpose of this survey is to provide data inputs for policy and programs on rice. The reference and enumeration periods by survey round are as follows:
Definition of terms
Production – refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested during the reference period. It includes those harvested but damaged, stolen, given away, consumed, given as harvester’s share, reserved, etc. Production from seed growers is excluded from the survey.
Irrigated palay – palay area with irrigation facilities that supply water to the farm through gravity, force/power, pump, etc.
Rainfed palay – palay grown in this ecosystem has dikes that retain water and is solely dependent upon rainfall for its water supply. In this special release, production in rainfed also includes those in upland. Palay grown in upland does not have amenities for standing water. It is usually located along elevated lands, along rivers, between hills, hillsides, etc. Upland type is confined not only to high places or hillsides but also to low areas having no facilities for standing water.