Central Luzon’s total volume of fisheries production declined by 3.6 percent in 2020
The region’s total volume of fisheries production decreased by 3.6 percent from 80.6 thousand metric tons last year to 77.6 thousand metric tons in the fourth quarter of 2020. The decrease was attributed to the double-digit decrease in commercial and municipal fisheries which decreased by 69.8 percent and 29.5 percent, respectively. On the other hand, inland and aquaculture fisheries improved by 15.0 percent and 3.4 percent, respectively. (See Table 1)
Aquaculture fisheries production grew by 3.4 percent
The volume of harvest from aquaculture farms was estimated at 62.9 thousand metric tons in the fourth quarter of 2020. It accelerated by 3.4 percent compared with the 60.9 thousand metric tons in 2019. Aquaculture remained the largest subsector of fisheries, accounting for 81.1 percent of the total fisheries production in the region. The increase in the volume of aquaculture production was attributed mainly by the 111.9 percent, 2.4 percent, and 2.2 percent increase in the harvest in marine cage, freshwater fishponds, and brackishwater fishponds, respectively. On the other hand, freshwater cages, oyster farms, and seaweed farm decreased in their volume of harvest by 83.5 percent, 35.3 percent, and 28.8 percent, respectively. (See Table 1b)
Total municipal fisheries production decelerated by 16.1 percent
The total production of municipal fisheries in Central Luzon decreased by 16.1 percent from16.3 thousand metric tons in 2020 to 13.7 thousand metric tons in 2019. (See Table 1)
Commercial fisheries production dropped by 69.8 percent
The commercial fisheries production in the region was registered at 1.0 thousand metric tons in the fourth quarter 2020. It posted a decrease of 69.8 percent compared with the 3.4 thousand metric tons recorded in 2019. (See Table 1e)
The Fisheries Production Survey of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) is divided into four (4) major fisheries surveys. These are the Quarterly Commercial Fisheries Survey (QCFS), Quarterly Municipal Fisheries Survey (QMFS), Quarterly Inland Fisheries Survey (QIFS) and Quarterly Aquaculture Survey (QAqS).
The QCFS gathers information on the volume and price of species unloaded in the landing center. It covers fishing operations in marine waters beyond 15 kilometers from the shoreline by fishing boats with more than three (3) gross tons. In Central Luzon, QCFS is conducted in Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan and Zambales.
The QMFS also gathers information on the volume and price of species unloaded in the landing center. However, unlike QCFS, it covers fishing operations performed in marine waters within 15 kilometers from the shoreline using fishing vessels of three (3) gross tons or less, or fishing not requiring the use of fishing vessels. In Central Luzon, QMFS is conducted in Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Pampanga and Zambales.
The QIFS gathers information on volume and price of species caught by inland fishing household. Inland Fisheries covers fishing operations performed in inland bodies of water using fishing vessels of three (3) gross tons or less, or fishing not requiring the use of fishing vessels. QIFS is conducted in all provinces in Central Luzon.
The QAqS gathers information on volume and price of species harvested in the aquafarms. Aquaculture volume of production refers to aquaculture species harvested from the aquafarm that is in marketable size and in fresh form. Species harvested which will be used as input to another culture activity are not considered. In Central Luzon, QAqS is conducted in all provinces.
The sampling frames for the surveys of commercial and municipal fisheries were established in 2000 through a nationwide listing of landing centers (LCs). Updating of the lists was conducted over the years. The design used was a two-stage stratified random sampling with the landing centers as the first-stage sampling units and the fishing boats as the second stage sampling units. The landing centers were stratified based on volume of fish unloaded. The province was the domain of the survey.
Inland municipal fisheries included fishing activities in inland bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, dams, marshes, swamps, etc. The unit of enumeration for QIFS is the household engaged in inland fishing.
For aquaculture survey, the lists of brackishwater fishponds, freshwater fishponds, freshwater fish pens/fish cages, marine fish pens/fish cages, oyster/mussel and seaweed farms by province served as the sampling frames. Updating of list frames for aquaculture was done simultaneously with the landing center during the previous years.