Registered Births in Central Luzon, 2018

Reference Number: 


Release Date: 

Tuesday, June 2, 2020

About 22 babies born per hour in Central Luzon

In 2018, a total of 189,015 live births were registered in Central Luzon, equivalent to a Crude Birth Rate (CBR) of 16.3 or 16 births per thousand population.  On the average, this translates to about 518 babies born daily or 22 babies born per hour in the region.

The number of registered births recorded per year showed a noticeable decline in 2016 which posted a negative 2.63 percent change or equivalent to 5,114 births. (see Figure 1)

More males born than females

Male births (98,646 or 52.2 percent) outnumbered female births (90,363 or 47.8 percent) in 2018. This was equivalent to a sex ratio at birth of 109 males per 100 females. (see Figure 2)

Highest occurrence of births was in Bulacan

Of the total registered live births in Central Luzon, Bulacan had the most number with 51,390 births, followed by Pampanga with 48,451. Meanwhile, Aurora posted the least number of births with only 3,326. (see Figure 3)

Most number of births recorded in October

In 2018, most births occurred during the month of October with 18,704 births or 9.9 percent of the total births in the region. It was followed by the months of September and November with 18,543 (9.8%) and 17,021 (9.0%) births, respectively.

On the contrary, the month of February had the least number of birth occurrences at 12,176 or 6.4 percent. (see Figure 4)

Nine in every 10 births were medically attended

Of the total number of births in Central Luzon, 97.5 percent were attended by health professionals who may either be physicians, midwives, or nurses. (see Figure 5)

Across provinces in the region, Tarlac and Bataan registered the highest and the second highest proportion of birth deliveries attended by health professionals at 99.9 percent and 99.3 percent, respectively. This was followed by Pampanga (98.3%) and Bulacan (97.3%).

Meanwhile, Nueva Ecija and Zambales had proportion of births attended by health professionals at 95.9 percent and 94.5 percent, respectively.

In contrast, Aurora recorded the highest proportion of birth deliveries attended by traditional birth attendants at 7.7 percent. (see Table 1)

More babies born to unwed mothers

More than half (102,766 or 53.9%) of the total registered live births by usual residence of mother in 2018 were born out of wedlock. The proportion of illegitimate children was equivalent to 117 per 100 legitimate children. (see Figure 6)








Data on births presented in this release were obtained from the Certificates of Live Birth (Municipal Form No. 102) that were registered at the Office of the City/Municipal Civil Registrars all throughout the country and forwarded to the Philippine Statistics Authority. Information presented include registered births which occurred from January to December 2018. Cumulative figures for 2018 reflect updated data received from previous months and may differ from preliminary counts previously published. Births of Filipinos that occurred abroad which were reported to the Philippine Foreign Service Posts are presented in a separate report.

Live Birth is a complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy, which after such separation, breathes or shows any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached; each product of such birth is considered live born.

Crude Birth Rate refers to the number of live births per 1,000 mid-year population.

Health Professional includes physician, nurse, and midwife.

Traditional Birth Attendants refers to hilot.

Sex Ratio is the number of males per one hundred females.

Usual Residence refers to the place where the person habitually or permanently resides.

Place of Occurrence refers to the place where the vital event took place.