Number of new constructions up by 3.5 percent in 2016
The total number of new constructions in Central Luzon reached 14,481 in 2016, based from the final results of construction statistics from approved building permits. This represents an increase of 3.5 percent from the 13,991 constructions recorded in 2015.
Across the country, the total number of new constructions in Central Luzon accounted for 9.8 percent share to total in 2016, lower by 0.8 percentage points compared with the 10.6 percent share to total recorded in 2015.
Among the provinces in the region, the most number of constructions was recorded in Bulacan at 5,335, accounting for 36.8 percent of the total. This was followed by Pampanga and Nueva Ecija with respective share of 25.0 percent (3,627 constructions) and 15.9 percent (2,299 constructions). Figure 1 shows the distribution of the number of constructions by province in 2016.
By type of construction, residential inched up 0.6 percent to 10,685 from 10,617 recorded in 2015. The minimal increase in number can be traced to the significant decline in the construction of duplex/quadruplex units (-48.8%) in the region. While all other types of residential increased in number, led by apartment/accesoria posted at 19.1 percent.
Similarly, non-residential constructions rose 23.6 percent to 2,216 from 1,793 reported in 2015, attributed to the two-digit growth of all types of non-residential constructions, namely: agricultural (72.5%), industrial (25.4%), institutional (19.6%), commercial (16.1%), and other non-residential (16.2%).
Alteration and repair of existing structures recorded at 1,218, likewise, grew 2.8 percent compared with previous year’s 1,185. Addition to existing structures, on the other hand, fell 8.6 percent from 362 to 396 recorded a year ago. Figure 2 compares the number of constructions by type for years 2016 and 2015.
Total value of constructions amounts to PHP28.1 billion
Total value of constructions in 2016 was estimated at PHP28.1 billion, representing an increase of 15.6 percent from previous year’s construction value of PHP24.3 billion.
Construction value of residential buildings, amounting to PHP12.4 billion, grew 11.1 percent compared with the PHP11.2 billion registered a year ago. The two-digit increase in the construction value of single-type houses (11.5%) pulled-up the total value of residential constructions.
Non-residential constructions valued at PHP14.2 billion, rose 27.5 percent from PHP11.2 billion recorded in 2015. This was brought about by the upswing in the construction value of agricultural (59.1%), commercial (46.3%) and industrial (33.0%) constructions.
Whereas, addition and alteration and repair of existing structures estimated at PHP0.5 billion and PHP1.0 billion dropped 28.3 percent and 26.0 percent, respectively. Figure 3 compares the value of constructions by type for years 2016 and 2015.
Average cost per square meter of residential-type building is PHP8,683
Total value of residential constructions estimated at PHP12.4 billion had a total floor area of 1.4 million square meters. This translates to an average cost of PHP8,863 per square meter, higher by 6.9 percent compared with previous year’s average cost of PHP8,121 per square meter. In real terms, however, average cost per square meter of residential construction increased only by 4.6 percent.
Non-residential constructions average cost per square meter drop 2.7 percent
Non-residential constructions valued at PHP14.2 billion had a total floor area of 1.6 million square meters. Average cost for this type of construction was estimated at PHP8,751 per square meter, reflecting 2.7 percent drop compared with last year’s average cost of PHP8,994 per square meter. In real terms, average cost per square meter of non-residential constructions declined by 4.8 percent.
CONSTRUCTION STATISTICS FROM APPROVED BUILDING PERMITS
This Special Release presents the final data on construction statistics from approved building permits in Central Luzon for year 2016. Data are presented at the provincial level by type of construction in Tables 1 to 7.
Scope and Coverage
Construction statistics from approved building permits relate to administrative-based data on new constructions and additions, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures proposed to be constructed in all cities and municipalities of the country in a specific period.
Sources of Information
Construction statistics are compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority from the copies of original application forms of approved building permits as well as from the demolition and fencing permits collected every month by PSA field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs) nationwide.
1. Data on building constructions refer to those approved applications during the reference period and not to construction work completed during the reference period.
2. The completeness of the number of building permits collected relies on the approval of applications filed with the LBOs. Hence, private building constructions without approved building permits are excluded in the tabulation of data.
Building constructions are classified and presented by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC) as of December 2014. The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays in the Philippines.
Construction statistics utilizes the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) to identify the industrial classification of the structure proposed for construction through its use or character of occupancy.
Construction statistics generated from approved building permits provide administrative-based data on building construction. Statistics generated are the following:
type of construction
value of construction
Definition of Terms (Adopted from the Revised and Updated IRR of the National Building Code)
Building permit is a written authorization granted by the LBO to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).
Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.
Construction refers to all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities, machineries and equipment of buildings/structures.
Residential building is a building for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, an apartment and/or accesoria and residential condominium.
Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e. bungalow, 2-storey house, nipa hut.
Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.
Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.
Accesoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.
Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.
Other residential constructions consist of school or company staff houses, living quarters for drivers and maids, and guardhouses.
Non-residential building includes commercial, industrial, agricultural and institutional buildings.
Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.
Industrial buildings are all buildings used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e. factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops, printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.
Institutional buildings are buildings which primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums, libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.
Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestock, plants and agricultural products such as barn, poultry house, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mill.
Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.
Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.
Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.
Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.
Demolition refers to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure, in whole or in part.
Street furniture are street structures consisting of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lampposts, electric poles and telephone poles.
Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.
Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.