Construction Statistics from Approved Building Permits Central Luzon, Second Quarter 2018 - Preliminary Results

Reference Number: 


Release Date: 

Wednesday, April 10, 2019

Number of constructions posts two-digit growth in second quarter of 2018

The total number of constructions in Central Luzon for the second quarter of 2018 was 5,028, based from the preliminary results of construction statistics from approved building permits. This figure showed a two-digit growth of 35.9 percent or 1,329 constructions from the 3,699 constructions recorded in the same quarter of 2017. 

The region’s share to the total number of constructions in the country improved by 12.5 percent during the period from its 10.3 percent share in the first quarter of 2018.

Leading the region’s constructions was Bulacan with 1,910 or 38.0 percent share to total, followed closely by Pampanga with 1,303 or 25.9 percent share. On the other hand, Aurora posted the least constructions with only 145 (2.9%). Figure 1 presents the distribution of the number of constructions by province for the second quarter of 2018.

Driving the growth in the region was the residential construction with a two-digit increase of 38.9 percent or 989 constructions. Spurring the growth in this section was the significant increase of 307.2 percent or 891 constructions in the apartment/accessoria.

On the other hand, non-residential constructions supplemented the overall growth by recording a 40.7 percent increase, of which the prime mover was the 522.2 and 28.2 percent rise in the construction of agricultural and commercial segments, respectively. Alteration and repair with 436 constructions further drove the growth by its 20.4 percent increase. (See Table B)


Figure 2 compares the number of constructions by type for the second quarters of 2018 and 2017.

Total value of constructions up by 46.6 percent

The total value of constructions in the second quarter of 2018 was estimated at PHP10.1 billion, higher by 46.6 percent from the previous year’s construction value of PHP6.9 billion.

The increase in the total value of constructions was accounted for by a climb in values of each of the type of constructions.

Leading the expansion was the 47.4 percent increase in the value of non-residential constructions. The major contributor for the boost in the value of non-residential constructions was the 64.5 percent upswing in the value of commercial and the 694.9 percent rise in the agricultural section.  

Residential constructions valued at PHP4.6 billion posted 40.1 percent increase from PHP3.3 billion from the same quarter a year before. The boom in the construction values of apartment/accessoria at 143.9 percent and single house at 18.7 percent rallied the total value of residential constructions.

Construction values of alteration and repair, and addition to existing structures strengthened by 121.8 and 21.7 percent, respectively. These convert to PHP341 million increases from same period value a year ago for alteration and repair and PHP23 million for addition to existing structures. (See Table B)

Figure 3 compares the value of constructions by type for the second quarters of 2018 and 2017.

Residential constructions average cost, PHP6,703 per square meter

Average cost of residential constructions in the region for the second quarter of 2018 was estimated at PHP6,703 per square meter, lower by 30.3 percent compared with previous year’s average cost of PHP9,619 per square meter. This was driven by the two-digit decrease in the average cost per square meter of apartment/accessoria at 54.8 percent.

At the provincial level, the highest average cost of residential constructions was recorded in Zambales at PHP11,510 per square meter while the lowest was in Bulacan at PHP4,133.

Non-residential constructions average cost, PHP6,368 per square meter

Non-residential constructions average cost per square meter slumped by 4.2 percent from PHP6,649 during the same period a year before to PHP6,368 this second quarter of 2018. Decrease in the average cost per square meter of institutional (22.5%) was also observed during the second quarter.

Aurora posted the highest average cost in the non-residential constructions at PHP12,529 per square meter followed by Bataan at PHP9,906. Tarlac, on the other hand, registered the lowest average cost at PHP4,893 per square meter.

Figure 4 compares the average cost per square meter by type of construction.





This Special Release presents the preliminary data on construction statistics from approved building permits in Central Luzon for the second quarter of 2018. Data are presented at the provincial level by type of construction in Tables 1 to 7.  

Scope and Coverage

Construction statistics from approved building permits relate to administrative-based data on new constructions and additions, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures proposed to be constructed in all cities and municipalities of the country in a specific period.

Sources of Information

Construction statistics are compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority from the copies of original application forms of approved building permits as well as from the demolition and fencing permits collected every month by PSA field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs) nationwide.


  1. Data on building constructions refer to those approved applications during the reference period and not to construction work completed during the reference period.
  2. The completeness of the number of building permits collected relies on the approval of applications filed with the LBOs. Hence, private building constructions without approved building permits are excluded in the tabulation of data.

Geographic Classification

Building constructions are classified and presented by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC) as of June 2018. The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays in the Philippines.

Industry Classification

Construction statistics utilizes the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) to identify the industrial classification of the structure proposed for construction through its use or character of occupancy.

Statistics Generated

Construction statistics generated from approved building permits provide administrative-based data on building construction. Statistics generated are the following:

  • number
  • floor area
  • type of construction
  • value of construction

Definition of Terms (Adopted from the Revised and Updated IRR of the National Building Code)

Building permit is a written authorization granted by the LBO to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).

Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.

Construction refers to all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities, machineries and equipment of buildings/structures.

Residential building is a building for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, an apartment and/or accesoria and residential condominium.

Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e. bungalow, 2-storey house, nipa hut.

Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.

Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.

Accesoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.

Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.

Other residential constructions consist of school or company staff houses, living quarters for drivers and maids, and guardhouses.

Non-residential building includes commercial, industrial, agricultural and institutional buildings.

Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.

Industrial buildings are all buildings used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e. factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops, printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.

Institutional buildings are buildings which primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums, libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.

Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestock, plants and agricultural products such as barn, poultry house, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mill.

Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.

Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.

Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.

Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.

Demolition refers to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure, in whole or in part.

Street furniture are street structures consisting of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lampposts, electric poles and telephone poles.

Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.

Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.




CL_SR_Building Permit_2018_2nd Qtr

Tables 1-7_Construction Statistics from Approved Building Permits_Q2 2018