Central Luzon’s Approved Building Permits decrease by 16.6 percent.
The total number of new constructions in Central Luzon was recorded at 3,677 during the fourth quarter of 2019, based on the preliminary results of construction statistics from approved building permits. This represents a decrease of 16.6 percent from the 4,411 constructions recorded during the same quarter in 2018.
Bulacan, Pampanga and Nueva Ecija are the top three provinces in terms of number of constructions. Collectively, the three provinces’ total number of constructions accounted to 76.3 percent of the total constructions in the region. Figure 1 presents the distribution of the number of constructions by province for the fourth quarter of 2019.
By type of construction, the number of residential buildings went down by 22.8 percent from the 3,218 recorded in the fourth quarter of 2018 to 2,484 in the same period of 2019. This was primarily influenced by the decrease in the construction of duplex/quadruplex (81.5%), apartment/accessoria (46.7%) and single house buildings (12.0%). (see Table B)
Moreover, the number of non-residential constructions slightly improved from 740 in the fourth quarter of 2018 to 798 in the same period of 2019. The increase was mainly attributed to the 77.8 and 30.3 percent growth in the construction of other non-residential and commercial buildings respectively.
On the other hand, alteration and repair and addition to existing structures with 330 and 65 constructions, respectively, further contributed to the decrease by 7.8 and 31.6 percent, correspondingly. Figure 2 presents the comparison of the number of constructions by type for the fourth quarter of 2019 and of 2018.
Total value of constructions amounts to PHP11.4 billion
The total value of constructions in the fourth quarter of 2019 was estimated at
PHP11.4 billion, representing an increase of 4.6 percent from the previous year’s construction value of PHP10.9 billion.
The construction value of residential buildings amounting to PHP4.6 billion, grew by 2.9 percent compared with the PHP4.5 billion registered during the same period in 2018. The increase can be attributed to the rise in construction value of residential condominium (356.1%), other residential (180.1%) and single house buildings (1.1%).
The non-residential constructions valued at PHP6.4 billion went up by 7.2 percent from PHP6.0 billion recorded during the same period in 2018. This was brought about by the considerable increase in the construction value of other non-residential (114.5%), agricultural (37.0), commercial (20.2) and industrial buildings (2.7%).
Likewise, alteration and repair of existing structures estimated at PHP0.33 billion increased by 3.3 percent. On the other hand, the value of addition to existing structures decreased by 44.9 percent from 2018’s PHP0.15 billion to PHP0.08 billion. Figure 3 shows the comparison of the values of constructions by type for the fourth quarters of 2019 and 2018.
Average cost per square meter of Residential constructions rise by 2.9 percent
The average cost of residential constructions was estimated at PHP936 per square meter, lower by 2.0 percent compared with the average cost of PHP955 per square meter in the 4th quarter of 2018. This was influenced by the 11.2 percent decrease in the average cost per square meter of single house buildings.
Non-residential constructions’ average cost per square meter increases by 20.7 percent
The non-residential constructions’ average cost per square meter was up by 20.7 percent from PHP7,189 during the same period in 2018 to PHP8,674 in the 4th quarter of 2019. Hikes in the average cost per square meter of agricultural (65.4%), industrial (44.2%) and institutional (21.4%) were observed during the quarter. Figure 4 shows the average cost per square meter by type of construction for the 4th quarter periods of 2018 and 2019.
CONSTRUCTION STATISTICS FROM APPROVED BUILDING PERMITS
This Special Release presents the preliminary data on construction statistics from approved building permits in Central Luzon for the fourth quarter of 2019. Data are presented at the provincial level by type of construction in Tables 1 to 7.
Scope and Coverage
Construction statistics from approved building permits relate to administrative-based data on new constructions and additions, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures proposed to be constructed in all cities and municipalities of the country in a specific period.
Sources of Information
Construction statistics are compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority from the copies of original application forms of approved building permits as well as from the demolition and fencing permits collected every month by PSA field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs) nationwide.
- Data on building constructions refer to those approved applications during the reference period and not to construction work completed during the reference period.
- The completeness of the number of building permits collected relies on the approval of applications filed with the LBOs. Hence, private building constructions without approved building permits are excluded in the tabulation of data.
Building constructions are classified and presented by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC) as of September 2018. The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays in the Philippines.
Construction statistics utilizes the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) to identify the industrial classification of the structure proposed for construction through its use or character of occupancy.
Construction statistics generated from approved building permits provide administrative-based data on building construction. Statistics generated are the following:
- floor area
- type of construction
- value of construction
Definition of Terms (Adopted from the Revised and Updated IRR of the National Building Code)
Building permit is a written authorization granted by the LBO to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).
Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.
Construction refers to all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities, machineries and equipment of buildings/structures.
Residential building is a building for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, an apartment and/or accesoria and residential condominium.
Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e. bungalow, 2-storey house, nipa hut.
Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.
Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.
Accesoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.
Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.
Other residential constructions consist of school or company staff houses, living quarters for drivers and maids, and guardhouses.
Non-residential building includes commercial, industrial, agricultural and institutional buildings.
Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.
Industrial buildings are all buildings used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e. factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops, printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.
Institutional buildings are buildings which primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums, libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.
Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestock, plants and agricultural products such as barn, poultry house, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mill.
Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.
Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.
Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.
Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.
Demolition refers to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure, in whole or in part.
Street furniture are street structures consisting of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lampposts, electric poles and telephone poles.
Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.
Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.