Central Luzon’s Approved Building Permits increased by 34.4 percent
Central Luzon’s total number of new constructions was registered at 5,002 during the first quarter of 2022, based on the preliminary results of construction statistics from approved building permits. This represents an increase of 34.4 percent from the 3,722 constructions recorded during the same quarter in 2021.
Among the provinces in the region, more than half (50.6%) of the constructions were recorded in Bulacan with 2,531 constructions during the quarter. It was followed by Pampanga and Tarlac with 20.1 percent (1,004 constructions) and 9.9 percent (497 constructions), respectively. Figure 1 shows the distribution of the number of constructions by province for the first quarter of 2022.
The number of residential buildings went up by 56.2 percent to 3,667 in 2022 from the recorded 2,347 construction in the first quarter of 2021. The increase in residential building construction was due to the increase in all of its type, duplex/quadruplex increased by 1,237.5 percent, apartment/accessoria increased by 130.3 percent, and single houses increased by 11.1 percent.
Likewise, the number of non-residential constructions increased by 14.9 percent to 742 constructions in 2022 from 646 constructions in the first quarter of 2021. All types of non-residential construction increased, other non-residential (122.2%), institutional (19.2%), industrial (13.7%), and commercial (8.6%), except Agricultural (decreased by 6.3%).
On the other hand, alteration and repair of existing structures decreased by 17.8 percent from 713 constructions in the first quarter of 2021 to 586 constructions in 2022. Addition to existing structures also decreased by 56.3 percent from 16 to 7 constructions. Figure 2 shows the comparison of the number of constructions by type for the first quarters of 2022 and 2021.
Total value of constructions amounted PhP10.26 billion
The total value of constructions in the first quarter of 2022 was estimated at PhP10.26 billion which represents an annual increase of 25.4 percent form the construction value of PhP8.18 billion in the first quarter of 2021.
The construction value of residential buildings amounting to PhP5.50 billion, increased by 37.4 percent from the PhP4.00 billion value of the residential constructions during the same period in 2021. The increase was influenced by the growth in the construction value of duplex/quadruplex (307.2%), followed by apartment/accessoria (79.3%), and single house (23.3%).
Similarly, the non-residential constructions valued at PhP4.26 billion went up by 25.1 percent from PhP3.40 billion reported during the same period in 2021. This was attributed by the increase in the construction value of agricultural (233.9%), commercial (172.5%), other non-residential (92.1%), and institutional (57.2%).
Moreover, the value of addition to existing structures, estimated at PhP12.89 million, increased by 242.3 percent from the PhP3.77 million recorded in the first quarter of 2021. Meanwhile, the alteration and repair of existing structures went down by 36.3 percent from the PhP0.78 billion in the same period of 2021. Figure 3 compares the value of constructions by type for the first quarters of 2022 and 2021.
Average cost per square meter of residential constructions decreased by 1.7 percent
The average cost of residential constructions was estimated at PhP983 per square meter, 1.7 percent lower compared with the average cost of PhP1,000 per square meter in the first quarter of 2021. This was influenced by the decrease in the average cost per square meter of duplex/quadruplex (22.2%) and apartment/accessoria (6.8%).
Non-residential constructions’ average cost per square meter dropped by 37.9 percent
The average cost of non-residential construction per square meter decreased by37.9 percent from PhP12,953 in 2021 to PhP8,045 in 2022. The decrease was mainly attributed to the decrease in all types of non-residential buildings such as industrial (66.1%), institutional (20.7%), commercial (11.8%), and agricultural (11.2%).
CONSTRUCTION STATISTICS FROM APPROVED BUILDING PERMITS
This Special Release presents the preliminary data on construction statistics from approved building permits in Central Luzon for the first quarter of 2022. Data are presented at the provincial level by type of construction in Tables 1 to 7.
Scope and Coverage
Construction statistics from approved building permits relate to administrative-based data on new constructions and additions, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures proposed to be constructed in all cities and municipalities of the country in a specific period.
Sources of Information
Construction statistics are compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority from the copies of original application forms of approved building permits as well as from the demolition and fencing permits collected every month by PSA field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs) nationwide.
1. Data on building constructions refer to those approved applications during the reference period and not to construction work completed during the reference period.
2. The completeness of the number of building permits collected relies on the approval of applications filed with the LBOs. Hence, private building constructions without approved building permits are excluded in the tabulation of data.
Building constructions are classified and presented by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC) as of September 2018. The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays in the Philippines.
Construction statistics utilizes the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) to identify the industrial classification of the structure proposed for construction through its use or character of occupancy.
Construction statistics generated from approved building permits provide administrative-based data on building construction. Statistics generated are the following:
• floor area
• type of construction
• value of construction
Definition of Terms (Adopted from the Revised and Updated IRR of the National Building Code)
Building permit is a written authorization granted by the LBO to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).
Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.
Construction refers to all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities, machineries, and equipment of buildings/structures.
Residential building is a building for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, an apartment and/or accessoria and residential condominium.
Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e., bungalow, 2-storey house, nipa hut.
Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.
Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.
Accessoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.
Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.
Other residential constructions consist of school or company staff houses, living quarters for drivers and maids, and guardhouses.
Non-residential building includes commercial, industrial, agricultural, and institutional buildings.
Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.
Industrial buildings are all buildings used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e. factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops, printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.
Institutional buildings are buildings which primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums, libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.
Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestock, plants and agricultural products such as barn, poultry house, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mill.
Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.
Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.
Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.
Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities, and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.
Demolition refers to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure, in whole or in part.
Street furniture are street structures consisting of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lampposts, electric poles, and telephone poles.
Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.
Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.