Construction Statistics from Approved Building Permits Central Luzon, First Quarter 2021 Preliminary Results

Reference Number: 


Release Date: 

Friday, August 20, 2021

Central Luzon’s Approved Building Permits increase by 25.9 percent.

The total number of new constructions in Central Luzon was recorded at 3,722 during the first quarter of 2021, based on the preliminary results of construction statistics from approved building permits. This represents a 25.9 percent increase over the 2,956 constructions recorded during the same quarter in 2020.

Bulacan had the most constructions among the provinces in the region, with 1,471, accounting for nearly two-fifths (39.5 percent) of the total. Pampanga and Tarlac came in second and third, with 20.1 percent (748 constructions) and 13.8 percent (512 constructions), respectively.  Figure 1 presents the distribution of the number of constructions by province for the first quarter of 2021.

By type of construction, the number of residential buildings went up by 20.7 percent from the 1,945 recorded in the first quarter of 2020 to 2,347 in the same period of 2021. This was primarily influenced by the increase in the construction of duplex/quadruplex (600.0%) and single houses (21.9%). (see Table B)

Contrarily, the number of non-residential constructions decreased from 684 reported in the first quarter of 2020 to 646 in the same period of 2021. The decrease was mainly attributed to the drop in the construction of agricultural (46.7%) and industrial buildings (43.4%).

Nevertheless, alteration and repair of existing structures with 713 constructions further contributed to the increase by 142.5 percent. Meanwhile, addition to existing structures decreased by 51.5 percent from 33 constructions in the same period in 2020 to 16 constructions in 2021. Figure 2 compares the number of constructions by type for the first quarter of 2021 and of 2020.

Total value of constructions amounts PHP8.18 billion

The total value of constructions in the first quarter of 2021 was estimated at PHP8.18 billion, representing an increase of 25.9 percent from the previous year’s construction value of PHP7.97 billion.

The construction value of residential buildings amounting to PHP4.00 billion, increased by 20.7 percent compared with the PHP3.43 billion registered during the same period in 2020. The increase was attributed to the growth in the construction value duplex/quadruplex (417.1%) and single house buildings (25.5%).

The non-residential constructions valued at PHP3.40 billion went down by 19.9 percent from PHP4.25 billion recorded during the same period in 2020. This was brought about by the considerable decrease in the construction value of agricultural (76.3%), commercial (59.3%) and institutional buildings (37.2%).

Alteration and repair of existing structures estimated at PHP0.78 billion increased by 196.4 percent. On the other hand, the value of addition to existing structures decreased by 87.2 percent from 2020’s PHP0.03 billion. Figure 3 compares the value of constructions by type for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020.

Average cost per square meter of Residential constructions drop by 2.7 percent

The average cost of residential constructions was estimated at PHP1,000 per square meter, lower by 2.7 percent compared with the average cost of PHP1,028 per square meter in the 1st quarter of 2020. This was attributed by the 16.9 and 9.6 percent decrease in the average cost per square meter of duplex/quadruplex and apartment/accessoria buildings, respectively.

Non-residential constructions’ average cost per square meter went up by 81.5 percent

The non-residential constructions’ average cost per square meter went up by 81.5 percent from PHP7,135 during the same period a year ago to PHP12,953. Increases in the average cost per square meter in all types of non-residential buildings were observed during the quarter with industrial buildings leading the increase with 276.8 percent.




This Special Release presents the preliminary data on construction statistics from approved building permits in Central Luzon for the first quarter of 2021. Data are presented at the provincial level by type of construction in Tables 1 to 7.  

Scope and Coverage

Construction statistics from approved building permits relate to administrative-based data on new constructions and additions, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures proposed to be constructed in all cities and municipalities of the country in a specific period.

Sources of Information

Construction statistics are compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority from the copies of original application forms of approved building permits as well as from the demolition and fencing permits collected every month by PSA field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs) nationwide.


  1. Data on building constructions refer to those approved applications during the reference period and not to construction work completed during the reference period.

The completeness of the numbr of building permits collected relies on the approval of applications filed with the LBOs. Hence, private building constructions without approved building permits are excluded in the tabulation of data.

Geographic Classification

Building constructions are classified and presented by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC) as of September 2018. The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays in the Philippines.

Industry Classification

Construction statistics utilizes the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) to identify the industrial classification of the structure proposed for construction through its use or character of occupancy.

Statistics Generated

Construction statistics generated from approved building permits provide administrative-based data on building construction. Statistics generated are the following:

  • number
  • floor area
  • type of construction
  • value of construction

Definition of Terms (Adopted from the Revised and Updated IRR of the National Building Code)

Building permit is a written authorization granted by the LBO to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).

Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.

Construction refers to all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities, machineries and equipment of buildings/structures.

Residential building is a building for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, an apartment and/or accesoria and residential condominium.

Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e. bungalow, 2-storey house, nipa hut.

Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.

Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.

Accesoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.

Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.

Other residential constructions consist of school or company staff houses, living quarters for drivers and maids, and guardhouses.

Non-residential building includes commercial, industrial, agricultural and institutional buildings.

Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.

Industrial buildings are all buildings used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e. factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops, printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.

Institutional buildings are buildings which primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums, libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.

Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestock, plants and agricultural products such as barn, poultry house, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mill.

Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.

Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.

Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.

Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.

Demolition refers to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure, in whole or in part.

Street furniture are street structures consisting of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lampposts, electric poles and telephone poles.

Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.

Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.