Construction Statistics from Approved Building Permits Central Luzon, First Quarter 2018 - Preliminary Results

Reference Number: 


Release Date: 

Thursday, January 3, 2019


Number of constructions posts two-digit decline in first quarter

The total number of constructions in Central Luzon for the first quarter of 2018 was 3,589, based from the preliminary results of construction statistics from approved building permits. This figure showed a two-digit decline of 20.0 percent or 896 constructions from the 4,485 constructions recorded in the same period of 2017.

The decline translates to the region’s loss on its share to the total number of constructions in the country by as much as 2.8 percentage points from its 12.8 percent share in the first quarter of 2017.

Leading the region’s constructions was Pampanga with 954 or 26.6 percent share to total, followed closely by Bulacan with 916 or 25.5 percent share. On the other hand, Aurora posted the least with only 152 constructions (4.2%).Figure 1 presents the distribution of the number of constructions by province for the first quarter of 2018.

Residential construction was the primary source for the decline in the region, recording two-digit decrease of 23.6 percent or 759 constructions.This reduction in the residential-type dwellings sprung from a decline of 53.4 percent in the apartment/accessoria construction which is further supported by a 7.6 percent drop in the single house construction.

Moreover, non-residential constructions supplemented the overall decline by recording a 2.6 percent decrease, of which the prime mover was the 38.1 and 29.0 percent drop in the construction of industrial- and agricultural-type buildings, respectively.

Addition to existing structures which dropped by 33.3 percent and alteration and repair by 19.0 percent, further increased the fall of the number of constructions in the first quarter.

Figure 2 compares the number of constructions by type for the first quarters of 2018 and 2017.

Total value of constructions down by 15.6 percent

Total value of constructions in the first quarter of 2018 was estimated at PHP8.1 billion, lower by 15.6 percent from previous year’s construction value of PHP9.6 billion.

The decrease in the total value of constructions was accounted for by a dive in the values of each of the type of constructions. Leading the fall was the PHP0.8 billion (-17.0%) drop in the value of residential constructions. Major contributor for the decline was the 37.6 percent drop in the value of apartment/accessoria. Despite the increases in the value of duplex/quadruplex (61.8%) and other residential (92.4%) constructions, these were not enough to boost the total value of residential constructions for the first quarter of 2018.

Non-residential constructions valued at PHP3.9 billion posted 11.5 percent decline from PHP4.4 billion during the same period in 2017. The slump in the construction values of commercial (-28.2%), institutional (-3.1%) and other types of non-residential (-75.6%) pulled down the total value of non-residential constructions.

Construction values of addition to existing structures, and alteration and repair weakened by 48.7 and 29.8 percent, respectively. This converts to PHP89.5 million drop from same period last year’s value for addition to existing structures and PHP108.6 million for alteration and repair.

Figure 3 compares the value of constructions by type for the first quarters of 2018 and 2017.

Residential constructions average cost, PHP9,562 per square meter 

Average cost of residential constructions in the region for the first quarter of 2018 was estimated at PHP9,562 per square meter, higher by 17.6 percent compared with previous year’s average cost of PHP8,128 per square meter. This was driven by the two-digit increases in the average cost per square meter of apartment/accessoria (30.5%) and duplex/quadruplex (27.9%).

At the provincial level, the highest average cost of residential constructions was recorded in Bataan at PHP11,661 per square meter while the lowest was in Aurora, PHP7,437.

Non-residential constructions average cost, PHP7,449 per square meter

Non-residential constructions average cost per square meter surged by 45.9 percent from PHP5,104 during the same period a year ago to PHP7,449. Increases in the average cost per square meter of industrial (128.6%)and commercial (22.2%) were observed during the first quarter.

Aurora posted the highest average cost in the non-residential constructions at PHP13,520 per square meter followed by Pampanga at PHP9,180. Tarlac, on the other hand, registered the lowest average cost at PHP4,888 per square meter.

Figure 4 compares the average cost per square meter by type of construction.




This Special Release presents the preliminary data on construction statistics from approved building permits in Central Luzon for the first quarter of 2018. Data are presented at the provincial level by type of construction in Tables 1 to 7.  

Scope and Coverage

Construction statistics from approved building permits relate to administrative-based data on new constructions and additions, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures proposed to be constructed in all cities and municipalities of the country in a specific period. 

Sources of Information

Construction statistics are compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority from the copies of original application forms of approved building permits as well as from the demolition and fencing permits collected every month by PSA field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs) nationwide.



  1. Data on building constructions refer to those approved applications during the reference period and not to construction work completed during the reference period.
  2. The completeness of the number of building permits collected relies on the approval of applications filed with the LBOs. Hence, private building constructions without approved building permits are excluded in the tabulation of data.

Geographic Classification

Building constructions are classified and presented by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC) as of December 2014. The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays in the Philippines.

Industry Classification

Construction statistics utilizes the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) to identify the industrial classification of the structure proposed for construction through its use or character of occupancy.

Statistics Generated

Construction statistics generated from approved building permits provide administrative-based data on building construction. Statistics generated are the following:

  • number
  • floor area
  • type of construction
  • value of construction

Definition of Terms (Adopted from the Revised and Updated IRR of the National Building Code).

Building permit is a written authorization granted by the LBO to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).

Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.

Construction refers to all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities, machineries and equipment of buildings/structures.

Residential building is a building for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, an apartment and/or accessoria and residential condominium.

      Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e. bungalow, 2-storey house, nipa hut.

      Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.

      Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.

      Accessoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.

      Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.

      Other residential constructions consist of school or company staff houses, living quarters for drivers and maids, and guardhouses.

Non-residential building includes commercial, industrial, agricultural and institutional buildings.

      Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.

      Industrial buildings are all buildings used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e. factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops,                printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.

      Institutional buildings are buildings which primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums,            libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.

      Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestock, plants and agricultural products such as barn, poultry house, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mill.

      Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.

Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.

Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.

Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.

Demolition refers to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure, in whole or in part.

Street furniture are street structures consisting of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lampposts, electric poles and telephone poles.

Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.

Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.