Central Luzon’s Population hits 11.2M (Result from the 2015 Census of Population)

As of August 2015, Central Luzon had a total population of 11,218,177 persons based on the 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN 2015). The total population is higher by 1,080,440 persons compared with the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (2010 CPH) count of 10,137,737 persons. Based on POPCEN 2007, the total Population was 9,709,177 persons.

Among the seven provinces and two highly urbanized cities of Central Luzon, Bulacan had the biggest population size in 2015, totaling to 3,292,071 (29% of the region’s total population). It was followed by Pampanga which is 20% of the total region’s population (2,198,110 persons.
The increase in the region’s population translated into an Average Population Growth Rate (PGR) of 1.95 percent annually during the period 2010 to 2015. This means there were about 19 persons being added for every 1,000 persons in the population per year. The annual PGR was at 2.6 percent during the period 1990 to 2000, 2.3 percent in 2000 to 2007 and 2.1 percent in 2000 to 2010.
Of the total population, 50.5 percent was male while 49.5 percent was female. This resulted in a sex ratio of 102 males for every 100 females. The same sex ratio was reported in 2010.
Of the total population, 50.5 percent was male while 49.5 percent was female. This resulted in a sex ratio of 102 males for every 100 females. The same sex ratio was reported in 2010.
In 2015, the median age of the country’s total population was 25.5 years, which means that half of the population was below 25.5 years old and half was above 25.5 years old. This was a little bit higher than the reported median age in 2010 which was 24.5 years.
The age-sex distribution of the population showed that children aged 5 to 9 years have the largest age group with 10.12 percent of the household population. This was followed by those in the age groups 0 to 4 years and 10 to 14 years, which both contributed 9.93 percent share. Moreover, males outnumbered females in the age group 0 to 54 years while females outnumbered their male counterparts in the older age group (55 years old and over).

The household population of Central Luzon in 2015 was 11,184,068 persons, higher by 1,065,590 persons from the household population of 10,118,478 persons in 2010. Meanwhile, number of households increased by 14.6 percent from 2,239,011 in 2010 to 2,566,558 in 2015. The average household size in 2015 was 4.4 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.5 persons in 2010.

Of the total population, 65.1 percent belonged to the working-age population (15 to 64 years). Children below 15 years of age comprised 29.9 percent while older persons (65 years and over) accounted for 5.0 percent of the total. The overall dependency ratio of Central Luzon in 2015 was 54 dependents, down from 57 dependents in 2010, for every 1,000 persons in the working age group.
The overall dependency ratio of Central Luzon in 2015 was 54 dependents for every 100 persons in the working age group, down from 57 dependents in 2010. Of the 54 dependents, 46 were young while eight were old.

Of the total household population 10 years old and over, 41.9 percent was never married while 42.5 percent was. The rest of the household population were categorized as follows: in common law/live-in marital arrangement (9.1 percent), widowed (4.6 percent), divorced/separated (1.9 percent), and had unknown marital status (less than 0.05 percent). Among the never-married persons, a higher proportion of male (54.6 percent) than female (45.4 percent) was reported in 2015. Meanwhile, the proportion of females was higher than males among those who were widowed (77.9 percent), divorced/separated (63.6 percent), in common law/live-in marital arrangement (50.5 percent), and married (50.3 percent).

Of the total population 5 years old and over, 30.6 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 40.8 percent had reached or finished high school, 10.3 percent was college undergraduate, and 10.7 percent was baccalaureate/college graduate. Among those with baccalaureate degree, there were more females (56.5 percent) than males (43.5 percent). Similarly, females (59.7 percent) outnumbered males (40.3 percent) among those who have post baccalaureate courses,.
Of the 4,385,044 household population aged 5 to 24 years, 67.5 percent was attending school in School Year (SY) 2015-2016. In 2010, the rate of school attendance in SY 2009-2010 was lower at 64.0 percent. By sex, the school attendance rate in 2015 was slightly higher among males (51.2 percent) than among females (48.8 percent). The same trend was observed in 2010.
Central Luzon posted a literacy rate of 99.4 percent among the 8,940,826 household population aged 10 years and over. This was higher than the 90.0 percent literacy rate recorded in 2010. In the 2010 Census of Population and Housing and POPCEN 2015, a person was considered literate if he/she is able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect. Literacy rate in 2015 was the same in both male and female (99.4 percent). Similarly, literacy rate was the same in 2010 with 99.0 percent.
More than four fifths (84.8 percent or 9,507,500 persons) of the total population of Central Luzon in 2015 reported Roman Catholic as their religious affiliation. The same religious affiliation in 2010 was 85.5 percent (8,653,430 persons) of the total. The next largest religious affiliation in the region was Iglesia ni Cristo comprising 5.1 percent of the total population. It was followed by those who were affiliated with the Evangelicals with 1.3 percent share.

In 2015, Central Luzon had 7,830,429 household population aged 15 years and over. Of this total, approximately three in every five persons (58.1 percent) were engaged in a gainful activity during the 12 months preceding the census. By major occupation group, workers engaged in elementary occupations comprised the largest group (20.2 percent) of all persons with gainful activity; this group includes janitorial, gardener, helper, labourer etc. Service and Sales workers came in next (17.5 percent), followed by Craft and Related Trades Workers (12.9 percent).

Of the household population 15 years old and over, 339,485 persons or 4.3 percent were overseas workers. Overseas workers aged 45 years and over made up the largest age group, comprising 24.1 percent of the total overseas workers, followed by those in the age groups 30 to 34 years (18.7percent), 35 to 39 years (17.7 percent), and 25 to 29 years (17.2 percent).


Technical Notes

General Background
The 2015 Census of Population and Housing otherwise known as PopCen 2015 is the 14th census of population undertaken in the Philippines since 1903. PopCen 2015 was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units in the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. The census of population is the source of information on the size and distribution of the population as well as information about the demographic, social, economic and cultural characteristics. This information is vital for making rational plans and programs for national and local development.
The 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN 2015) was undertaken by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) in August 2015 as mandated by Republic Act No. 10625, otherwise known as the Philippine Statistics Act of 2013. Census day for the POPCEN 2015 was August 1, 2015 (12:01 a.m.).
Terms/Concept Definition
Population growth rate is the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given period due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population
Total population refers to the sum of the household population and institutional population. It also includes Filipinos in Philippine embassies, consulates, and missions abroad
Household population comprises of persons who belong to a household, the basic criterion of which is the usual place of residence or the place where the person usually resides
Institutional population is the population enumerated in collective or institutional living quarters such as: dormitories/lodging houses, jails/prisons, military camps, convents/seminaries, and mental hospitals
Household is a social unit consisting of a person living alone or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have a common arrangement in the preparation and consumption of food.
Average household size refers to the average number of persons who live in the household, computed as the household population in a given area divided by the corresponding total number of households in that area
Head of the household refers to an adult person, male or female, who is responsible for the organization and care of the household, or who is regarded as such by the members of the household
Sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a given population, expressed as the number of males per 100 females
Age is the interval of time between a person’s date of birth and the census reference date (1 August 2015). Expressed in completed years (as of last birthday), it is recorded in whole number
Median age refers to the age at which exactly half of the population is younger than this age and the other half is older than it
Overall dependency ratio refers to the ratio of persons in the dependent ages (under 15 years old and over 64 years old) to persons in the economically active or working ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population
Marital status refers to the personal status of each individual with reference to the marriage laws or customs of the country
Religious affiliation refers to a particular system of beliefs, attitudes, emotions, and behaviors constituting man’s relationship with the powers and principalities of the universe
School attendance rate refers to the proportion of persons 5 to 24 years old who were attending school during the School Year June 2015 to March 2016 to school- age population (5 to 24 years old)
Simple literacy rate the proportion of persons aged 10 years and over who are able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect
Highest grade/year completed refers to the highest grade or year completed in school, college or university
Usual activity/occupation refers to the kind of job or business, which a person aged 15 years and over was engaged in most of the time during the 12 months preceding the census
Overseas worker is a household member (15 years old and over) who is out of the country due to an overseas employment.