During the period April to June 2021, fancy dry palay and matured yellow corngrain recorded higher average farmgate prices compared to their prices during the second quarter of 2020. The average farmgate price of fancy dry palay increased by PhP 5.52 per kilogram from PhP 18.64 per kilogram in 2020 to PhP 24.16 for every kilogram in second quarter of 2021. Likewise, matured yellow corn recorded an increase in average price per kilogram of PhP 0.49 this quarter. However, the prices of other variety of dry palay and green corn white showed a minimal decrease of PhP 0.19 and PhP 0.63 per kilogram, respectively. (Figure 1)
Majority of the root crops posted increases in average farmgate prices during the second quarter of 2021. Sweet potato recorded the highest increase of PhP 7.14 per kilogram followed by cassava with PhP 2.46 and Gabi Tagalog for sinigang with PhP 0.48 increases for every kilogram compared to their prices during the same quarter of 2020. On the other hand, turnips were sold at a lower price with PhP 1.53 price decrease. (Figure 2)
Beans and Legumes
Green mongo (mungbean), dry peanut with shell, and fresh peanut with shell were sold at average farmgate prices of PhP 66.55, PhP 39.42 and PhP 33.59 per kilogram, respectively, in April to June 2021. These commodities posted decreases in the average farmgate prices by PhP 2.42, PhP 12.39 and PhP 3.85, respectively, compared to second quarter of 2020. On the other hand, string beans recorded a higher farmgate price in the second quarter of 2021 at PhP 38.86 per kilogram compared to PhP 35.37 in the same quarter of 2020. (Figure 3)
During the second quarter of 2021, Hawaiian ginger, Green finger pepper, and Red hot chili pepper were the commodities that were sold in lower prices compared to their prices during the same quarter of 2020. The average farmgate price decrease per kilogram were PhP 13.37 for ginger, PhP 4.21 for green pepper and PhP 12.70 for red hot chili pepper. On the other hand, red onion creole’s average farmgate price increased by as much as PhP 16.00. Red onion creole was sold at PhP 42.49 per kilogram in April to June 2021 whereas, in the second quarter of 2020, it registered a farmgate price of PhP 26.50 for every kilogram. (Figure 4)
Generally, average farmgate price of fruit vegetable commodities such as ampalaya, cucumber, round native eggplant, squash, tomato and upo went down by as low as PhP 8.91 to PhP 1.91 per kilogram in second quarter of 2021. These commodities were sold at a lower farmgate price of PhP 29.16 for ampalaya, PhP 12.62 for cucumber, PhP 29.07 for round native eggplant, PhP 12.34 for squash, PhP 16.32 for tomato and PhP 7.77 for upo for every kilogram. Moreover, the remaining commodities under fruit vegetables reported a slight increase in average farmgate prices. Okra increased by PhP 3.74, green papaya by PhP 2.18 and purple long eggplant by PhP 0.26 per kilogram compared to same quarter of 2020. (Figure 5)
The average farmgate prices of leafy vegetables in the second quarter of 2021 exhibited price increases. The price of kangkong went up to PhP 16.17 per kilogram in the second quarter of 2021 from PhP 13.47 in the same period of 2020. Moreover, native pechay was sold at PhP 25.65 in April to June of 2021, it was sold at PhP 25.18 per kilogram in 2020. Both commodities registered increases in the average farmgate prices per kilogram at PhP 2.70 for kangkong and PhP 0.47 for native pechay. (Figure 6)
During the second quarter of 2021, most of the fruits posted increases in the average farmgate prices compared to the same quarter of 2020. Among the fruit commodities, green piko mango registered the highest price increase of PhP 15.45 per kilogram. Green piko mango was sold at PhP 32.46 during the second quarter of 2020, its average farmgate price in 2021 was PhP 47.91 per kilogram. Green carabao mango was sold at PhP 53.34 in April to June 2021. It went up by PhP 8.21 from PhP 45.13 per kilogram in the same period in 2020. Likewise, average farmgate prices of Hawaiian papaya and calamansi rose by PhP 8.40 and PhP 6.85, respectively. All other fruit commodities exhibited minimal increase in the average farmgate price such as, all varieties of green banana (lakatan, latundan and saba), native and solo papaya, and Hawaiian pineapple. The price increases ranged from PhP 0.29 to PhP 3.18 to per kilogram in April to June 2021. Among the fruit commodities, only watermelon posted an average farmgate price decrease of PhP 4.00 per kilogram. It was sold at PhP 12.42 in the second quarter of 2021 from PhP 16.42 in the same period of 2020. (Figure 7)
From April to June 2021, increases in the average farmgate prices were recorded for sugarcane muscovado (PhP 2.09 per kilogram), matured coconut (PhP 1.81 per piece), and green coconut “buko” (PhP 0.40 per piece) compared to their prices in the second quarter of 2020. The price of cashew nut without apple dropped by PhP 23.86 per kilogram which was sold at PhP 45.27 in the second quarter of 2021 from PhP 69.13 in the same period of 2020. (Figure 8)
Livestock and Poultry
From April to June 2021, higher prices were recorded for all types of backyard livestock and poultry animals. Hogs upgraded for slaughter topped the farmgate price increase by PhP 93.54. It was sold at an average farmgate price of PhP 218.79 per kilogram in 2021 second quarter. Significant price increases were likewise registered in the remaining livestock and poultry animals, carabao for slaughter (PhP 29.46), cattle for slaughter (PhP 22.28), goat for slaughter (PhP 42.63), native/improved chicken (PhP 6.44) and broiler chicken other breed (PhP 2.77). (Figure 9)
For the commercial livestock and poultry animals, hogs upgraded for slaughter had similarly posted the highest average farmgate price increase of PhP 94.35 per kilogram during the second quarter of 2021 translating to 70.44 percent increase from its price in the same period of 2020. Cattle for slaughter recorded the second highest price increase with PhP 67.08 per kilogram, from PhP 154.26 in the second quarter of 2020 to PhP 221.34 in the same period of 2021. Goat for slaughter had a price increase of PhP 49.35 per kilogram and was sold at PhP 208.60 per kilogram. The same trend was observed to broiler chicken and chicken layer (culls). A slight increase of PhP 6.72 was reported for duck meat. On the other hand, decrease in the average farmgate prices were noted for chicken egg and duck egg at PhP 0.28 and PhP 0.08 per piece, respectively. (Figure 11)
The Farm Price Survey (FPS) is a nationwide undertaking of the Philippine Statistics Authority geared towards the collection and compilation of basic information on trading transactions for crops, livestock, poultry and poultry eggs at the farm level. The data collection is conducted during the last ten (10) days of the month.
FPS primarily aims to generate estimates on farmgate prices of major agricultural commodities which will assist policy makers in the formulation, implementation and administration of economic programs.
Definition of Terms
Farmgate Price - price received by farmers for their crops, livestock, and poultry at the location of farm. Thus, the marketing costs such as the transport and other marketing cost (if any) incurred in selling the produce are not included in the farmgate prices.
Livestock - For the FPS, livestock animals include carabao, cattle, hog, and goat that are tended and raised by an operator for the purpose of slaughtering, breeding,fattening, and/or for work.
Slaughter– butchering of animal for the purpose of human consumption.
Poultry- a collective term for all domesticated avian for the purpose of food consumption or, the carcass of such avian/dressed processed for human consumption. For farm prices survey, poultry covers only those that are tended and raised by an operator particularly, chicken (broiler, layer (culls), native/improved, fighting cock) and duck (muscovy and mallard).
Broiler - refers to chicken of foreign breed raised for meat purposes. They have white feathers and yellowish skin.
Layer- refers to chicken of foreign breed raised for egg production. For the FPS, layer chicken refers to culls or unproductive birds removed from the flock and disposed of for meat production.
Native/improved – a common backyard chicken that is a mixture of different breeds. It is small, active, sensitive and capable of great flight when frightened.
Chicken Broiler, other breed - Chicken of foreign breed raised for meat purposes usually disposed of within 45-46 days.
Poultry Eggs – for FPS, poultry eggs include native chicken eggs, layer chickeneggs and duck eggs only.