The average farmgate price of dry palay in the region was estimated at Php17.64 per kilogram in the second quarter of 2020. It increased by Php2.47 compared with the Php15.17 per kilogram in the same period of 2019.
On the other hand, matured yellow corn and white green corn decreased in their farmgate prices by Php1.06 and Php2.17 per kilogram, respectively. Matured yellow corn were sold by the producers at Php11.01 per kilogram and green corn at Php15.54 per kilogram in the second quarter of 2020. (See Figure 1)
Sweet potato posted a notable increase of Php11.53 per kilogram in its farmgate price. It was sold from Php13.78 per kilogram during the second quarter of 2019 to Php25.31 per kilogram during the same quarter in 2020.
The average farmgate prices of fresh cassava tubers for food, gabi tagalog for sinigang, and turnips also increased by Php1.88, Php0.86, and Php1.95 per kilogram compared with their prices in the same quarter of 2019. (See Figure 2)
Beans and Legumes
On the average, the farmgate price of green labo mongo was Php69.62 per kilogram in the second quarter of 2020. It posted an increase of Php27.51 per kilogram compared with its price of Php42.11 per kilogram during the second quarter of 2019.
In addition, dry peanut with shell and fresh peanut with shell also posted increases in their farmgate prices by Php19.66 and Php17.44 per kilogram, respectively.
On the other hand, stringbeans decreased in its average farmgate price by Php4.35 per kilogram. (See Figure 3)
For the second quarter of 2020, Hawaiian ginger was sold by the farmer-producers at an average of Php72.97 per kilogram. It was higher by 115.07% or Php39.04 than the farmgate price in 2019.
Red creole onion (bermuda red) and hot pepper (red labuyo) also posted increases on their average farmgate prices by P14.30 and P20.79 per kilogram, respectively. On the other hand, pepper finger (green) posted lower prices during the second quarter of 2020 than that in 2019. It was sold at P18.91 per kilogram in 2020 from P21.82 per kilogram in 2019. (See Figure 4).
On the average, ampalaya were sold at a farmgate price of Php32.70 per kilogram in the second quarter of 2020, lower by Php7.10 per kilogram than in 2019. Green papaya was also sold at lower price at Php10.69 per kilogram.
On the other hand, native eggplant (round) was sold at a higher farmgate price of Php31.87 per kilogram in 2020 than in 2019 at Php23.68 per kilogram. Likewise, long eggplant (purple) and okra posted slight increases in their average farmgate prices. (See Figure 5)
Kangkong was sold at an average farmgate price of P13.47 per kilogram during the second quarter of 2020, which was P2.33 higher compared to that of the same quarter in 2019. An increase on the farmgate price of native pechay was also observed from P23.64 in 2019 to 24.30 in 2020. (See Figure 6)
Figure 7 shows that banana latundan (green), banana saba (green), mango carabao (green), mango Indian (green), mango piko (green), Hawaiian papaya and watermelon posted increments in their average farmgate prices. Mango piko (green) had the highest increase of Php10.30 per kilogram from Php22.45 during the second quarter of 2019 to Php32.75 per kilogram in 2020.
On the other hand, banana lakatan (green), calamansi and Hawaiian pineapple showed decreases in their average farmgate prices by Php0.99, Php8.05 and Php1.21 per kilogram, respectively. (See Figure 7)
Young green coconut posted lower prices in the second quarter of 2020 with Php0.57 decrease per piece. Meanwhile, matured coconut was sold at a higher price during the second quarter of 2020 by Php2.33 per piece from Php8.58 per piece in 2019 to Php10.91 per piece in 2020. (See Figure 8)
Livestock and Poultry
For backyard livestock and poultry, native/improved chicken posted the highest price hike by Php27.38 per kilogram in the second quarter of 2020. Meanwhile, broiler chicken (other breed) decreased in its farmgate price by Php3.60 per kilogram from Php108.67 per kilogram in 2019 to Php105.07 per kilogram in 2020. (See Figure 9)
Among the commercial livestock and poultry, goat for slaughter posted the highest increase in the average farmgate price during the second quarter of 2020 with Php33.32 per kilogram increase compared with that of the same quarter in 2019.
Chicken eggs were sold at a farmgate price of Php5.73 per piece in the second quarter of 2020 which was Php1.07 higher than that of the same quarter in 2019. On the other hand, duck eggs were sold at a farmgate price of Php6.40 per piece, lower by Php0.21 compared with that of same quarter in 2019. (See Figure 10)
The Farm Price Survey (FPS) is a nationwide undertaking of the Philippine Statistics Authority geared towards the collection and compilation of basic information on trading transactions for crops, livestock, poultry and poultry eggs at the farm level. The data collection is conducted during the last ten (10) days of the month.
FPS primarily aims to generate estimates on farmgate prices of major agricultural commodities which will assist policy makers in the formulation, implementation and administration of economic programs.
Definition of Terms
Farmgate Price - price received by farmers for their crops, livestock, and poultry at the location of farm. Thus, the marketing costs such as the transport and other marketing cost (if any) incurred in selling the produce are not included in the farmgate prices.
Livestock - For the FPS, livestock animals include carabao, cattle, hog, and goat that are tended and raised by an operator for the purpose of slaughtering, breeding, fattening, and/or for work.
Slaughter– butchering of animal for the purpose of human consumption.
Poultry- a collective term for all domesticated avian for the purpose of food consumption or, the carcass of such avian/dressed processed for human consumption. For farm prices survey, poultry covers only those that are tended and raised by an operator particularly, chicken (broiler, layer (culls), native/improved, fighting cock) and duck (muscovy and mallard).
Broiler - refers to chicken of foreign breed raised for meat purposes. They have white feathers and yellowish skin.
Layer- refers to chicken of foreign breed raised for egg production. For the FPS, layer chicken refers to culls or unproductive birds removed from the flock and disposed of for meat production.
Native/improved – a common backyard chicken that is a mixture of different breeds. It is small, active, sensitive and capable of great flight when frightened.
Chicken Broiler, other breed - Chicken of foreign breed raised for meat purposes usually disposed of within 45-46 days.
Poultry Eggs – for FPS, poultry eggs include native chicken eggs, layer chicken eggs and duck eggs only.