Central Luzon continued to be the top producer of palay in the country
Central Luzon continued to be the top producer of palay in the country contributing 18.9 percent to the total volume of production in 2017. Annual volume of palay production in the region was estimated at 3,634,807 metric tons (Figure 1). It accelerated to 8.7 percent compared to previous year’s level of 3,342,883 metric tons (Figure 2).
Figure 2 shows the volume of palay production in Central Luzon by ecosystem in 2016 and in 2017. The volume of production of irrigated palay was posted at 3,342,794 metric tons, up by 7.3 percent in 2017 compared with that in 2016. For rainfed palay, the volume of production was 292,013 metric tons, a 28.1 percent increase from 228,043 metric tons in 2016.
Of the total volume of palay production in the region in 2017, 92.0 percent were irrigated and 8.0 percent were rainfed. In 2016, irrigated palay accounted for 93.2 percent to the total production, and rainfed palay comprised the 6.8 percent.
Peak harvest of palay in the region is during the second and fourth quarters of the year (Figure 3). In 2017, fourth quarter volume of production (1,553,435 metric tons) accounted for 42.7 percent share to the annual volume of production, an increase of 16.6 percent from that of the same period in 2016. Meanwhile, the second quarter volume of production (1,119,454 metric tons) accounted for 30.8 percent share to the annual volume of production, a decrease of 3.7 percent from that of the same period in 2016.
Among the seven (7) provinces in the region, Nueva Ecija accounted more than half (51.8%) of the region’s total volume of palay production in 2017. This was followed by Tarlac with 15.9 percent share. Pampanga and Bulacan contributed 11.8 and 10.4 percent, respectively, while the remaining 10.0 percent was contributed by Bataan, Zambales and Aurora (Figure 4).
Table 1 presents the volume of palay production in the region by province and period. Production in the second semester of 2017 was 1,841,131 metric tons, up by 19.6 percent compared with that of the same period in 2016. On the other hand, first semester 2017 production of 1,793,676 metric tons slightly declined by 0.6 percent compared with that of the same period in 2016.
The objective of the survey is to generate estimates on palay production. The purpose of this survey is to provide data inputs for policy and programs on rice. The reference and enumeration periods by survey round are as follows:
Production – refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested during the reference period. It includes those harvested but damaged, stolen, given away, consumed, given as harvester’s share, reserved, etc. Production from seed growers is excluded from the survey.
Irrigated palay – palay area with irrigation facilities that supply water to the farm through gravity, force/power, pump, etc.
Rainfed palay – palay grown in this ecosystem has dikes that retain water and is solely dependent upon rainfall for its water supply. In this special release, production in rainfed also includes those in upland. Palay grown in upland does not have amenities for standing water. It is usually located along elevated lands, along rivers, between hills, hillsides, etc. Upland type is confined not only to high places or hillsides but also to low areas having no facilities for standing water.
Source of palay clipart: www.dreamstime.com